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Zimbabwe National HIV and AIDS Strategic Plans
Since its inception in 1999, the operations of the National AIDS Council have been guided by a series of policies which have been reviewed over the years in response to changing trends. Since the discovery of the Following the first case of HIV and AIDS in 1985, the national response to HIV and AIDS have been guided by the following policies and strategic plans,
• Emergency Short Term Plan (ESTP) – 1987
• Mid Term Plan ( MTP1) – 1993
• Mid Tern Plan ( MTP2) – 1994-99
• National Policy on HIV and AIDS – 1999
• National HIV and AIDS Strategic Framework – 2000-2004
• Zimbabwe National HIV and AIDS Strategic Plan – 2006-2010
Zimbabwe National HIV and AIDS Strategic Plan 2011 - 2015
The Zimbabwe National HIV and AIDS Strategic Plan (ZNASP) is a five-year 2011 to 2015, multi-sectoral framework developed to inform and guide the national response towards achieving zero new infections, zero discrimination and zero AIDS related deaths by 2015. The development of the plan is premised on human rights based planning approach that is complemented by evidence and results based management approaches. The strategic plan has mainstreamed gender dimensions in the response strategies, anticipated results and indicators that will be used to measure performance. The plan provides meaningful opportunities for man and diverse stakeholders' participation in the implementation of the national response. The strategic plan succeeds the outgoing ZNASP (I) - 2006-2010.
To achieve the anticipated results the implementation of the national response will require a revolutionary rather than an evolutionary strategy – that meaning doing better and more of the right things at the right time in the right scale and intensity.
For the five years (2011-2015) period covered by the ZNASP II, Zimbabwe has identified the following two national priorities in the fight against HIV and AIDS.
1. Prevention of new adult and children HIV infections: Zimbabwe aims to reduce the annual infections by 50% by 2015. Zimbabwe has consistently recorded a decline in HIV incidence from 1.14% in 2006 to 0.85% in 2009.
2. Reduction of Mortality amongst PLHIV: Available evidence indicates that Zimbabwe reduced annual deaths from 123,000 in 2006 to 71,299 in 2010. This was due to the provision of ART, management of TB/HIV co-infection and improved nutrition among others. Sustained provision of ART will not only help reduce death rates but also contribute to HIV prevention efforts
These priorities will be achieved through the implementation of prioritised interventions that contribute to specific impact, outcome and output results. The ZNASP II has articulated four impact and twenty-four outcome level results. A results framework is attached as annex 2. The following are the three impact level results
HIV incidence reduced by 50% from 0.85% (48, 168) for adults (2009) to 0.435% (24,084) by 2015
HIV and AIDS related mortality reduced by 38% from 71299 (2010) for adults and 13,393 for children (2009) to 44,205 for adults and 8,304 for children by 2015
National HIV and AIDS response is effectively coordinated and managed: the NCPI rating is improved from 6.2 in 2010 to 9.0 in 2015
For more information on the Zimbabwe HIV and AIDS Strategic Plans view or download the documents below.