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Over 30 years into the HIV epidemic, there is a growing recognition that unequal relationships between men and women and societal norms of femininity and masculinity are important influences on HIV epidemics. Gender inequality and harmful gender norms are not only associated with the spread of HIV but also with its consequences. The Zimbabwe National HIV and AIDS Strategic Plan ( ZNASP 11, 2011-2015) acknowledges that gender inequalities and gender norms continue to be determining factors in women and girlsâ€™ risk of contracting HIV but have not been fully integrated in the HIV and AIDS response. Gender norms and expectations also make men vulnerable to HIVâ€” including by influencing male sexuality and risk-taking, and making men and boys less likely to seek medical care when ill.
While many organisations and communities are aware of the need to mainstream gender and human rights in their interventions, they often lack the skills, methodologies and training tools to facilitate the process. The National AIDS Council with support of the National Gender and HIV and AIDS Technical Woking Group has embarked on a gender mainstreaming initiative to build capacities of institutions and communities. A training guide has been developed whose purpose is to promote increased and improved action on the intersecting issues of HIV and gender inequality. The guidance complements existing gender guidelines and tools by emphasizing the process of strengthening action to address gender equality in HIV and AIDS responses and describing how to intervene in specific thematic areas.
For more information about HIV and AIDS gender mainstreaming view or download documents below.